Aspirin in combination with clopidogrel in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention

Aspirin in combination with clopidogrel in the treatment of AMI

  • Xiaoyan Zhang Binzhou People’s Hospital
  • Lizhen Qi
  • Yongxuan Liu
Keywords: Acute myocardial infarction, PCI, Aspirin, Clopidogrel

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of aspirin combined with clopidogrel on acute myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods: One hundred thirty two patients with acute myocardial infarction who were admitted to the hospital between December 2016 and December 2017 were divided into a control group and an observation group according to random number table, 66 each group. Both groups were given emergency PCI and symptomatic treatment. The control group was given aspirin on the basis of conventional treatment before and after operation, while the observation group was given clopidogrel treatment on the basis of the treatment the same as the control group. The treatment lasted for 4 months. The clinical efficacy of the two groups was analyzed, and the cardiac function indicator, coagulation indicator and occurrence of adverse reactions were compared before and after treatment.

Results: There was no thrombosis at the infarct site in coronary angiography after treatment in both groups. The efficacy in the observation group and control group were 89.4% and 81.8%, respectively; there was no significant difference between the two groups. The incidence of re-thrombosis in the two groups was 1.5% and 12.1% respectively, which was significantly lower in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). The cardiac function indicator of both groups improved after treatment, especially the observation group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), prothrombin activity (PA) and platelet aggregation rate (PAR) in the two groups before treatment (P>0.05). There was also no significant difference in PT and PA before and after treatment (P>0.05). The APTT and PAR were significantly different after treatment (P<0.05), and the PAR of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions in the observation group was 7.58%, which was not significantly different with that of the control group (12.12%) (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Aspirin combined with clopidogrel can effectively reduce the occurrence of re-thrombosis after PCI and improve the recovery of cardiac function after acute operation, moreover the safety is high. It has important clinical application values.

How to cite this:
Zhang X, Qi L, Liu Y. Aspirin in combination with clopidogrel in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(2):348-352. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.2.87

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-03-19
Section
Original Articles