Gender role in anxiety, depression and quality of life in chronic kidney disease patients

Anxiety, depression and QOL in chronic kidney diseases patients

  • Ume Kalsoom Department of Psychology,Shaheed enazir Bhutto Women University, peshawar
Keywords: Anxiety, Chronic kidney diseases, Depression, Gender, Perceived social support quality of life

Abstract

Objective: To investigate gender role in quality of life, anxiety, and depression in chronic kidney disease patients. The study hypothesized that men will score high on depression and, anxiety and will score low on quality of life and perceived social support as compare to women

Methods: One hundred patients with chronic kidney diseases were selected using purposive sampling strategy from nephrology ward of Leady Reading Hospital, Peshawar. The participants were included both male (n=50) and female (n=50) ranging in age from 18-65 years (M=44.16, SD= 15.15) Patients were recruited on the basis of preset inclusion criteria i-e (willing to participat, could read, speak and understand urdu language, with no previous history of dialysis treatment) and exclusion criteria (Age > than 18, Previous psychiatric history, Diagnosis less than one year, Education less than high school). All participants completed Quality of Life Questionnaire, Anxiety and depression questionnaires.

Results: Statistical analysis of independent sample t-test shows significant difference of men and women on QOL t(98)=2.34, p=0.021), anxiety t(98)=4.23, p=0.001), and depression t(98)=4.54, p=0.001) while no significant gender differences were reported on perceived social support t(98)= 0.98, p= 0.327.

Conclusion: Male showed more depression, anxiety as compared to females while women reported poor quality of life as compared to men.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.2.869

How to cite this:
Um-e-Kalsoom. Gender role in anxiety, depression and quality of life in chronic kidney disease patients. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(2):251-254. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.2.869

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-12-16
Section
Original Articles