The effect of short pregnancy interval on perinatal outcomes in Turkey: A retrospective study

Effect of short pregnancy interval

  • Nevşen SARAL Midwife
  • Seval CAMBAZ ULAŞ Assistant Prof.
Keywords: Low birth weight, Pregnancy interval, Preterm birth, Stillbirth


Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of short pregnancy interval on perinatal outcomes.

Methods: The research was a retrospective study. The material consisted of birth records of a state hospital for the last three years in Manisa in the western region of Turkey (2015-2017) (n:8961). The research population included women whose gestational interval was ≤two years and the gestational week was over 22 weeks (n:2089). Perinatal outcomes were assessed through preterm birth, stillbirth, and low birth weight.

Results: The mean age of women who are in the research group is 26.7 ± 5.32. According to the perinatal results of women with a pregnancy interval of two years and shorter; 8.2% of women had birth before 37 weeks and 0.3% resulted in stillbirth. It was determined that 4.8% of infants were born with low birth weight. There was no difference between the short pregnancy interval and stillbirth or preterm birth. However, a significant difference was found between the low birth weight and short pregnancy interval. (p>0.05).

Conclusions: Pregnancy interval does not affect preterm birth and stillbirth from perinatal outcomes, but has a significant effect on the birth weight of the newborn.


How to cite this:
Saral N, Ulas SC. The effect of short pregnancy interval on perinatal outcomes in Turkey: A retrospective study. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(5):1243-1247. doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
SARAL, N., & CAMBAZ ULAŞ, S. (2019). The effect of short pregnancy interval on perinatal outcomes in Turkey: A retrospective study. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 35(5).
Original Articles