Upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders and exposure to Ergonomic risk factors among handicraft workers

  • Wajeeha Mahmood, Dr
  • Muhammad Salman Bashir, Dr
  • Sarah Ehsan Superior University
  • Muhammad Atif Qureshi, Dr
Keywords: Ergonomics;, Musculoskeletal diseases;, Pain;, Risk factors;, Shoulder;, Upper Extremity;

Abstract

Objective: To determine the association of Upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders and Exposure to Ergonomic risk factors among handicraft workers.

Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in a 12 weeks’ duration i.e. from November 2018 till January 2019. Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire was used to determine the frequency of upper limb musculoskeletal disorders. Postural analysis was done using Rapid Upper Limb Assessment (RULA). Data was collected from 100 Handicraft workers and the type of work included Art work (n=18), Ada Work (n=7), botanical arrangement (n=11), Textile, fashion designing and stitching (n=38), Fine arts (n=20), embroidery and knitting (n=6).

Results: The frequency distribution of Rapid upper limb assessment (RULA) score for exposure to risk factors showed that 47 participants were at a high risk and required implementation of change. Most of the participants (n=35) reported pain in neck and shoulder (n=29). The chi square test for association between pain in upper extremity and exposure to risk factors showed that only wrist pain had statistically significant association with overall RULA score (p-value<0.05).

Conclusion: The study concluded that neck and shoulder are more frequently affected among handicraft workers. The frequency of workers who were at high ergonomic risk and required implementation of change in working conditions was high.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.749

How to cite this:
Mahmood W, Bashir MS, Ehsan S, Qureshi MA. Upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders and exposure to Ergonomic risk factors among handicraft workers. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(2):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.749

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2021-01-04
How to Cite
Mahmood, W., Bashir, M., Ehsan, S., & Qureshi, M. (2021). Upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders and exposure to Ergonomic risk factors among handicraft workers. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(2). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.749
Section
Original Articles