Effect of Body Mass Index on respiratory parameters: A cross-sectional analytical Study

Effect of BMI on respiratory parameters

  • Urooj Bhatti LUMHS Jamshoro
  • Zulfiqar Ali Laghari University of Sindh Jamshoro
  • Binafsha Manzoor Syed LUMHS Jamshoro
Keywords: Body Mass Index, Healthy adults, Respiratory parameters

Abstract

Objective: To assess association of Body mass index (BMI) on respiratory parameters by performing spirometry in apparently healthy adults living in the district Jamshoro and Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted at Department of Physiology, Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Jamshoro, Pakistan from January to September 2015. A total of 180 underweight, normal, overweight and obese participants, aged between 18 to 40 years were included in the study. BMI was calculated by measuring weight and height by BMI scale (RGZ-160) in standing position. Pulmonary parameters were determined by spirometry on Power lab (AD instruments). Pulmonary parameters were compared between subjects in different categories of BMI.

Results: Mean age of participants was 21.83±5.88 years and the mean BMI was 25.10±6.55 kg/m2. The study results revealed that except for FVC, which was not statistically significant (p=0.45) all other respiratory parameters were significantly different (p≤0.05) in all BMI categories. Mean FEV1/FVC ratio (93.1 vs. 90.3, 86.4 and 86.6 respectively) was highest among underweight as compared to overweight, obese and normal weight individuals. The mean VT was 1.22 vs. 0.90, 1.01 and 0.84 respectively, IRV was 1.04 vs. 1.18, 1.23 and 1.20 respectively, IC was 2.26 vs. 2.08, 2.25 and 2.05 respectively, VC was 2.63 vs. 2.42, 2.54 and 2.54 respectively, TLC was 2.98 vs. 3.03 vs. 3.18 and 3.17 respectively among underweight, overweight, obese and normal weight participants.

Conclusion: We found a significant association between body mass index and pulmonary function parameters. Obesity causes detrimental effects on respiratory system.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.6.746

How to cite this:
Bhatti U, Laghari ZA, Syed BM. Effect of Body Mass Index on respiratory parameters: A cross-sectional analytical Study. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(6):1724-1729. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.6.746

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-10-10
Section
Original Articles