Effect of wearing cotton towel Ihram and plain Ihram on lung function among Hajj Pilgrims

Lung Function among Hajj Pilgrims

  • Sultan Ayoub Meo College of Medicine, King Saud University
  • Muhammad Iqbal
  • Adnan Mahmood Usmani
  • Abdulrahman Abdulaziz Almana
  • Abdulrahman Hamad Alrashed
  • Khalid Abdullah Al-Regaiey
Keywords: Cotton Ihram, Hajj Pilgrims, Lung Function, Plain Ihram

Abstract

Objectives: Hajj is the world’s largest gathering to Makkah, Saudi Arabia. Wearing cotton made Ihram is a basic and an essential component of Hajj. The aim of this study was to investigate the lung functions among Hajj pilgrims who were wearing cotton towel ihram (ihram with fibers) compared to those who were wearing plain cotton ihram (ihram without fibers).

Methods: Ninety male, non-smoker, Hajj pilgrim volunteers with age ranged 20-60 years were selected. Forty five of them wore cotton towel ihram and 45 wore plain ihram. A day before leaving for Hajj and wearing ihram (6th Dhu-al-Hijjah) lung function base line parameters of Hajj pilgrims were determined. Hajj Pilgrims continuously wear ihram from 7-10th Dhu-al-Hijjah. In the afternoon of 10th Dhu-al-Hijjah, after removal of ihram, all parameters were repeated and at the completion of Hajj when all pilgrims return to their homes at Riyadh, all parameters were recorded again.

Results: Before wearing Ihram, anthropometric and lung function baseline parameters were recorded, no significant difference was found between the study population. After wearing Ihram on the 7th Dhu-al-Hijjah and its removal on the 10th Dhu-al-Hijjah significant decline in the lung function test parameters was observed among Hajj pilgrims who were wearing cotton towel ihram. Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) 4.30±1.18 vs. 5.03±1.41 (p=0.01); Forced Expiratory Flow 25% (FEF-25%) 4.39±1.94 vs. 5.69±2.84 (p=0.03); Forced Expiratory Flow-50% (FEF-50%) 2.93±1.65 vs. 4.07±2.08 (p=0.01); Forced Expiratory Flow-75% (FEF-75%) 1.02±0.70 vs. 1.66±0.94 (p=0.002) compared to those who were wearing plain ihram.

Conclusions: Lung function test parameters were decreased among the Hajj pilgrims who were wearing cotton towel ihram compared to those who were wearing plain cotton ihram. The pattern of impairment of lung function shows an obstructive peripheral airway lung involvement. It is suggested to conduct further large sample size studies to confirm the present study observations and reach at better conclusions.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.4.727

How to cite this:
Meo SA, Iqbal M, Usmani AM, Almana AA, Alrashed AH, Al-Regaiey KA. Effect of wearing cotton towel Ihram and plain Ihram on lung function among Hajj Pilgrims. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(4):893-898. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.4.727

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-07-08
Section
Original Articles