Pattern of peer review proforma of medical journals of Pakistan

Peer review proforma of medical journals

  • Faaiz Ali Shah Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar
  • Mian Amjad Ali
  • Zahid Nazar
  • Haroon Ur Rasheed
Keywords: Analysis, Article, Journal, Manuscript, Peer-Review, Publication


Objective: To analyze the contents and format of peer review proforma of Medical journals of Pakistan.

Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology Lady reading Hospital Peshawar Pakistan from 3rd August 2018 to 9th February 2019. An email was sent to the chief editors of all the medical journals listed on the official website ( of Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PM&DC). They were requested to send peer review proformas of their journals. The received proformas were analyzed for major contents and format or style. The proforma had a structured format when each portion of the manuscript i.e, title, abstract, key words, methodology, results, discussion, conclusion and references were individually sectioned for evaluation. Whereas in the unstructured proformas the reviewer was asked to assess the manuscript as a whole.

Results: We received 41 proformas via emails. Majority (82.9%) of the proformas were structured while 17% were unstructured. A scoring or rating system for the manuscript was present in 31.7% of the proformas while 43.9% of the proformas were without any scoring system. Guidelines for the peer reviewers were given in 58.5% of the proformas. The peer review policy (closed or open) was mentioned in only 7.3%. About 9.7% of the proformas asked the reviewers to disclose conflict of interests.

Conclusion: A spectrum of contents and format of peer review proformas of medical journals were observed. We found structured peer review proforma with a scoring scale comprehensive and more appropriate for peer review.


How to cite this:
Shah FA, Ali MA, Nazar Z, Haroon Ur Rasheed. Pattern of peer review proforma of medical journals of Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(4):1013-1017. doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Shah, F., Ali, M. A., Nazar, Z., & Rasheed, H. U. (2019). Pattern of peer review proforma of medical journals of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 35(4).
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