Effectiveness of precise and quantitative rapid pulmonary rehabilitation nursing program for elderly patients with lung cancer during the perioperative period: A randomized controlled trial
Objective: Preoperative rehabilitation should improve the functional condition of patients. Improvements in metabolism, lung mechanics, cardiovascular function, and muscle-function can be achieved by pulmonary rehabilitation. Hence, we focused on elderly patients with lung cancer undergoing surgery, and assessed the effectiveness of a rapid and precise pulmonary rehabilitation nursing program during the perioperative period.
Methods: This randomized controlled trial at the department of thoracic surgery; Shanghai pulmonary hospital, China during 2021 was conducted amongst 218 elderly patients with lung cancer treated by surgical operation into either a precision quantitative nursing model nursing group (experimental group) or a perioperative routine nursing group (control group). After individual planning of the pulmonary rehabilitation nursing outpatient clinic, nurses distributed breathing trainers, instructed the patients in breathing training, and supervised the patients after the operation. For our evaluation we considered pulmonary function tests, postoperative thoracic drainage tube indwelling times, postoperative hospital stays, postoperative complication rates, and postoperative quality of life results.
Results: The experimental group showed better pulmonary function, length of hospital stay, and quality of life outcomes than the control group, but the differences were not statistically significant. However, we found a significantly higher postoperative complications rate in the control group (11.9%) than in the experimental group (3.7%; p=0.02).
Conclusion: Strengthening pulmonary rehabilitation nursing interventions for elderly patients with lung cancer during the perioperative period can reduce their postoperative complications and promote their rapid recovery.
Clinical Trial: Registration Number - ChiCTR2100042916.
How to cite this: Chen B, Yan X, Wang X, Mao Y. Effectiveness of precise and quantitative rapid pulmonary rehabilitation nursing program for elderly patients with lung cancer during the perioperative period: A randomized controlled trial. Pak J Med Sci. 2023;39(2):572-577. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.39.2.7103
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