Pattern of changes in latissimus dorsi, gluteus maximus, internal oblique and transverse abdominus muscle thickness among individuals with sacroiliac joint dysfunction

Sacroiliac joint dysfunction

  • Muhammad Salman Bashir Tehran University of Medical Sciences-International Campus,Tehran,Iran
  • Rabiya Noor Tehran University of Medical Sciences-International Campus,Tehran,Iran
  • Mohammad Reza Hadian Tehran university of Medical Sciences-International Campus
  • Gholamreza Olyaei Tehran University of Medical Sciences-International Campus,Tehran,Iran
Keywords: Gluteal Maximus, Latissimus Dorsi, Resting Thickness, Sacroiliac Joint, Ultrasound

Abstract

Background and Objective: Altered Pattern of the Global Muscle system is presented in literature among individuals with sacroiliac Joint Dysfunctions. However, the pattern of changes in the Latissimus dorsi (LD) and gluteal maximus (GM) among sacroiliac joint dysfunctions (SIJD) is not reported. This study aimed to investigate the changes in the resting muscle thickness of the Latissimusdorsi and gluteal maximus in SIJD.

Method: A total of 88 subjects (44 individuals with SIJD and 44 healthy individuals as matched control) was included in this study. The resting thickness of the Latissimusdorsi and gluteal maximus was measured using real time musculoskeletal ultrasonography and data was compared between the ipsilateral side and contra lateral side among subjects with SIJD as well as healthy subjects. Independent sample t test was used to analyze the data by using SPSS version-25.

Results: The results showed that contralateral LD were reduced significantly among subjects with SIJD when compared with the other side and with control. It also showed that ipsilateral IO, TrA and GM were reduced significantly among subjects with SIJD when compared with the controls and with contralateral side.

Conclusion: The reduced resting muscle thickness showed an altered motor pattern of Deep Muscles of local system and Gross muscles of global system among patients with sacroiliac joint dysfunction.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.3.62

How to cite this:
Bashir MS, Noor R, Hadian MR, Olyaei G. Pattern of changes in latissimus dorsi, gluteus maximus, internal oblique and transverse abdominus muscle thickness among individuals with sacroiliac joint dysfunction. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(3):818-823.  doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.3.62

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-05-22
Section
Original Articles