Role of scalp hypothermia in patients undergoing minimally invasive evacuation of hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage

Hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage

  • Yueling Zhang Binzhou People’s Hospital
  • Ling Song
  • Jianfen Zhao
Keywords: Hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage, Mild hypothermia, Micro-traumatic evacuation of cerebral hemorrhage

Abstract

Objective: Hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (HICH) is one of the common multiple diseases in neurology. Patients with severe HICH have high risk of disability and poor prognosis.

Methods: In order to explore the clinical effect of mild hypothermia combined with micro-traumatic evacuation of cerebral hemorrhage in the treatment of severe HICH, 136 patients with severe HICH were selected and divided into control group and study group using random number table method, 68 each group. The control group was treated with micro-traumatic evacuation of cerebral hemorrhage on the basis of conventional symptomatic treatment, while the study group was treated with mild hypothermia combined with micro-traumatic evacuation of cerebral hemorrhage on the basis of conventional symptomatic treatment. After treatment, the two groups were followed up for eight weeks.

Results: The overall effective rate, residual hematoma volume, rebleeding rate, National Institute of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) score, Barthel index score and incidence of adverse reactions after treatment were observed and compared. The overall effective rate of the study group was 89.7%, which was significantly higher than that of the control group (67.6%). The mortality rate of the study group was 3.0%, which was significantly lower than that of the control group (14.7%, P<0.05). The residual hematoma volume and rebleeding rate of the study group were significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05). Before treatment, the NIHSS score and Barthel index score of the two groups had no significant differences (P>0.05). After treatment, they were improved, and the improvement of the study group was more significant (P<0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions in the study group was 10.0%, which was significantly lower than that in the control group (36.0%, P<0.05).

Conclusion: Mild hypothermia in combination with micro-traumatic evacuation of cerebral hemorrhage has significant clinical effect in the treatment of severe HICH. It can significantly improve neurological function and quality of life, causing few adverse reactions. Its clinical application value is high.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.5.593

How to cite this:
Zhang Y, Song L, Zhao J. Role of scalp hypothermia in patients undergoing minimally invasive evacuation of hypertensive cerebral hemorrhage. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(5):1451-1455. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.5.593

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-08-22
Section
Original Articles