Influence of propofol intravenous anesthesia on hemorheology, haemodynamics and immune function of colorectal carcinoma patients undergoing radical resection

Radical resection of colorectal carcinoma

  • Jianmin Yu
  • Mingfen Han Binzhou People’s Hospital
  • Jun Geng
Keywords: Haemodynamics, Hemorheology, Propofol intravenous anesthesia, Radical resection of colorectal carcinoma

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the changes of hemorheology, haemodynamics and immune function of patients during propofol intravenous anesthesia in the radical resection of colorectal carcinoma and its significance.

Methods: The study included 112 patients who underwent radical resection of colorectal carcinoma in our hospital between August 2016 and December 2017, and they were divided into an observation group (N=56) and a control group (N=56) using random number table. Patients in the observation group were given propofol intravenous anesthesia, while patients in the control group received inhalation anesthesia of sevoflurane. Hemorheological and haemodynamical indexes were compared and analyzed before anesthesia (T0), 90 min after induction (T1), 150 min after induction (T2) and 30 min after entering post-anesthesia care unit (T3), and the changes of immune function before and after surgery was also observed.

Results: The whole blood viscosity under high, medium and low shear rates of the observation group declined significantly compared to that of the control group at T1, T2 and T3 (P<0.05). The heart rate (HR) and systolic pressure (SPB) of the observation group significantly decreased at T2 compared to those at T1 (P<0.05), but recovered to the level observed at T0 at T3. The diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of the two groups at T1, T2 and T3 was not significantly different with that at T0 (P>0.05). The levels of CD45RA+ and CD45RO+ of both groups had a significant decrease at the end of the surgery compared to before anesthesia (P<0.05); the levels of the observation group recovered at the postoperative 72nd h, and the differences with the levels before anesthesia had no statistical significance (P>0.05); the level of CD45RA+ of the control group also recovered at the postoperative 72nd h, but the difference with the level before anesthesia had no statistical significance (P>0.05); the level of CD45RO+ of the control group had a significant decrease, and the difference with the level before anesthesia was statistically significant (P<0.05). The level of CD45RA+/CD45RO+ of the observation group at the end of surgery and the postoperative 72nd h was not significantly different with those before anesthesia (P>0.05). The level of CD45RA+/CD45RO+ of the control group at the postoperative 72nd h showed a significant increase compared to before anesthesia (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Propofol intravenous anesthesia has a significant improvement effect on hemorheology before radical resection of colorectal carcinoma and has a small influence on haemodynamics. Moreover it is beneficial to the recovery of immune function. The therapy is worth promotion.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.3.590

How to cite this:
Yu J, Han M, Geng J. Influence of propofol intravenous anesthesia on hemorheology, haemodynamics and immune function of colorectal carcinoma patients undergoing radical resection. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(3):780-785.  doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.3.590

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-05-21
Section
Original Articles