Clinical efficacy of norepinephrine combined with cimetidine in treatment of neonatal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage and its adverse reactions

  • Xuyan Dong
  • Hongjun Li
  • Tianjiao Zhu Xianning Central Hospital, The First Affiliated Hospital of Hubei University of Science and Technology
Keywords: Neonatal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, Norepinephrine, Cimetidine, Adverse reaction

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the clinical efficacy of norepinephrine combined with cimetidine in the treatment of neonatal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage and its adverse reactions.

Methods: A total of 68 cases of neonatal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage in Huangshi Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from please mention dates October 2018 to February 2020 were selected and randomly divided into treatment group and control group by coin tossing, with 34 infants in each group. The control group received conventional therapy, and the treatment group was additionally treated with norepinephrine combined with cimetidine. The efficacy and safety were compared between the two groups.

Results: The time when the bleeding stops, the time of fecal occult blood turning negative and hospital stay of the treatment group were shorter than those of the control group (P < 0.05). Superoxide dismutase (SOD) level increased while malondialdehyde (MDA) level decreased in both groups after treatment compared with those before treatment (P < 0.05). After treatment, the SOD level was higher while the MDA level was lower in the treatment group than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The effective rate of the treatment group was higher than that of the control group (P < 0.05). However, no significance was found in adverse reactions between the two groups (P > 0.05).

Conclusion: Norepinephrine combined with cimetidine in the treatment of neonatal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage can shorten the recovery time of symptoms, improve efficacy and reduce stress reaction. It is safe, effective and worthy of use in clinical practice.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.8.5732

How to cite this:
Dong X, Li H, Zhu T. Clinical efficacy of norepinephrine combined with cimetidine in treatment of neonatal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage and its adverse reactions. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(8):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.8.5732

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2022-09-16
How to Cite
Dong, X., Li, H., & Zhu, T. (2022). Clinical efficacy of norepinephrine combined with cimetidine in treatment of neonatal upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage and its adverse reactions. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 38(8). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.8.5732
Section
Original Articles