Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus and Hepatitis (B & C) among drug users in a tertiary care public hospital

Prevalence of HIV and Hepatitis (B & C) among drug users

  • Aftab Asif
  • Sumaira Ayub Academic Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Mayo Hospital Lahore
  • Afreen Komal
  • Shahbaz Noor
  • Umer Jalal
Keywords: Prevalence, Drug users, Human immunodeficiency virus, HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C

Abstract

Objective: To find out the prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Hepatitis (B & C) among the drug users in a tertiary care public hospital.

Methods: The study was conducted at addiction ward of Mayo Hospital Lahore. A total of 453 drug users were admitted in drug addiction ward from 1st of August 2016 to 31st of July 2017. Their history was taken using self-constructed case history form and they were screened for HIV and hepatitis (B & C). Additionally three types of screening tests including Unigold, Determine and Bioline were used for HIV screening.

Results: Of 402 (100%) drug users, 394 (98%) were male and 8 (2%) were female. Their mean age was 32.2 (8.8) years. Overall prevalence of HIV virus was 21.1%, Hepatitis C 34.3% and Hepatitis B 3.2% in drug users. Among HIV positive drug users, 84.7% drug users took drugs through injections as compared to 15.3% who took drugs orally. Among HCV positive drug users, 68.9% drug users took drugs through injections as compared to 31.1% oral drug users. Relapse rate of drug use among all drug users was also very high as 83.3%. Of these drug users, 47.2% had previously sought treatment while other 52.8% never sought any treatment. Family history of drug abuse indicated that 32.2% drug users had family members who were also drug users. Moreover, about 11.4% drug users had previous history of blood transfusion.

Conclusion: HIV and hepatitis B & C were prevalent among drug users specially those who took drugs through injections. Relapse rate was significantly high and history of drug use in family may also predispose an individual towards becoming a drug addict.

How to cite this:
Asif A, Ayub S, Komal A, Noor S, Jalal U. Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus and Hepatitis (B & C) among drug users in a tertiary care public hospital. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(2):459-463. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.2.500

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-03-20
Section
Original Articles