Diagnostic accuracy of computer aided reading of chest x-ray in screening for pulmonary tuberculosis in comparison with Gene-Xpert
Background & Objectives: Pakistan ranked fifth amongst 22 high-burden Tuberculosis countries, and it is an epidemic in Pakistan, hence screening is performed nationally, as part of the ambitious ZERO TB drive. Our objective was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of Computer Aided Detection (CAD4TB) software on chest Xray in screening for pulmonary tuberculosis in comparison with gene-Xpert.
Methods: The study was conducted by Radiology Department Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar in affiliation with Indus Hospital network over a period of one year. Screening was done by using mobile Xray unit equipped with CAD4TB software with scoring system. All of those having score of more than 70 and few selected cases with strong clinical suspicion but score of less than 70 were referred to dedicated TB clinic for Gene-Xpert analysis.
Results: Among 26,997 individuals screened, 2617 (9.7%) individuals were found presumptive for pulmonary TB. Sputum samples for Gene-Xpert were obtained in 2100 (80.24%) individuals, out of which 1825 (86.9%) were presumptive for pulmonary TB on CAD4TB only. Gene-Xpert was positive in 159 (8.7%) patients and negative in 1,666(91.3%). Sensitivity and specificity of CAD4TB and symptomatology with threshold score of ≥70 was 83.2% and 12.7% respectively keeping Gene-Xpert as gold standard.
Conclusion: Combination of chest X-ray analysis by CAD4TB and symptomatology is of immense value to screen a large population at risk in a developing high burden country. It is significantly a more effective tool for screening and early diagnosis of TB in individuals, who would otherwise go undiagnosed.
Abbreviations: TB = Tuberculosis, WHO = World Health Organization, CAD4TB = Computer aided detection for tuberculosis, CXR = Chest X-Ray, CAR = Computer aided reading.
How to cite this:
Nishtar T, Burki S, Ahmad FS, Ahmad T. Diagnostic accuracy of computer aided reading of chest x-ray in screening for pulmonary tuberculosis in comparison with Gene-Xpert. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(1):62-68. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4531
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