Mental health problems and psychological burnout in Medical Health Practitioners: A study of associations and triadic comorbidity

Mental health problems & psychological burnout in MHPs

  • Farzana Ashraf COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus
  • Hassaan Ahmad Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi
  • Muneeba Shakeel COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus
  • Sana Aftab
  • Afsheen Masood Institute of Applied Psychology, University of The Punjab
Keywords: Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Psychological burnout

Abstract

Background and Objective: Mental health problems not only affect the common person but also medical health practitioners (MHPs) dealing with health care issues of patients. The current study aimed to explore the triadic (three dimensional) comorbidity of mental health problems and its association with three forms of psychological burnout (person, client and work related).

Methods: This correlational study was conducted at three hospitals of Islamabad/ Rawalpindi (Holy Family Hospital=57, District Headquarter Hospital=60, and Benazir Bhutto Hospital=40) from June 2018 to September 2018. The sample comprised of 157 medical health practitioners (medical doctors) serving in general ward (n=64), emergency (n=60) and OPD (n=33) sections. The participants were administered self-report measures of DASS-21 and Copenhagen Burnout Inventory.

Results: Triadic comorbidity of depression, anxiety and stress ranged from 9% to 26% for excessive severe and normal levels respectively. Comorbidity of work related and personal related burnout at severe level was found 8%. Further, depression, anxiety and stress symptoms were strongly associated with psychological burnout at .0001 significance level.

Conclusion: MHPs demonstrated excessive severe comorbidity of depression, anxiety and stress simultaneously. Along with this triadic comorbidity, the presence of severe psychological burnout is alarming and affecting overall efficiency and mental health of doctors which need to be identified, screened out and managed timely and managed properly.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.6.444

How to cite this:
Ashraf F, Ahmad H, Shakeel M, Aftab S, Masood A. Mental health problems and psychological burnout in Medical Health Practitioners: A study of associations and triadic comorbidity. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(6):1558-1564.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.6.444

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-10-07
Section
Original Articles