Health Problems & Barriers to Healthcare Services for the Transgender Community in Lahore, Pakistan

  • Iram Manzoor
  • Zartasha Hanan Khan Department of community Medicine, Akhtar Saeed Medical college, lahore.
  • Rafia Tariq Department of community Medicine, Akhtar Saeed Medical college, lahore.
  • Rijah Shahzad Department of community Medicine, Akhtar Saeed Medical college, lahore.
Keywords: Transgender, Healthcare, Barrier

Abstract

Objectives: To find out the major health problems and barriers in getting health care by transgender community in Lahore, Pakistan.

Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in transgender community of Lahore from January to October 2020. The study included 214 participants from different areas of Lahore by targeting their “gurus”. Non-probability, snow-ball sampling technique was used to collect required sample size. Data was collected by using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 23. Results were generated in form of tables and graphs. Chi square test and Fischer’s exact test were used to find out associations between health seeking behavior with their transgender status and p value was fixed as ≤ 0.05 as significant.

Results: Among total 214, 78.5% were transgender females and 21.5% were transgender male. Among the common health problems were depression (56%), anxiety (59%) and genital tract ulcers (45%). About 70% transgender seek health care from government hospitals. Among total 214 participants, 70% reported that they receive poor quality of health care. The main reasons of not getting proper care is non acceptance (20.7%), feeling ashamed (28.7%), non-availability of CNIC (44.5%) and un-affordability (6.1%). Significant association of transgender female with consultation with doctors (p=0.013), seeking care at government hospitals (p =0.038) poor experience at health care facility (0.050), neglect during medical treatment (p=0.015) and feeling of discrimination during treatment (p= 0.042).

Conclusion: Transgender community face physical, mental, social and reproductive health issues. About 70% trans-genders receive poor quality of health care services. Non acceptance, feeling ashamed, non-availability of CNIC and non-affordability have been reported as major barriers in getting desired health care.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4375

How to cite this:
Manzoor I, Khan ZH, Tariq R, Shahzad R. Health Problems & Barriers to Healthcare Services for the Transgender Community in Lahore, Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(1):138-144. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4375

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2021-11-22
How to Cite
Manzoor, I., Khan, Z., Tariq, R., & Shahzad, R. (2021). Health Problems & Barriers to Healthcare Services for the Transgender Community in Lahore, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 38(1). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4375
Section
Original Articles