Clinical efficacy of immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy in patients with advanced gastric cancer, its effect on nutritional status and Changes of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets

Treatment on Patients with Advanced Gastric Cancer

  • Wen-wen Li
  • Jin Jiao Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University
  • Zhi-yu Wang
  • Ya-ning Wei
  • Yuan-fang Zhang
Keywords: Immunotherapy, Chemotherapy, Advanced gastric cancer, Nutritional status, T lymphocyte subsets, Cellular immunity

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy in patients with advanced gastric cancer and its effect on nutritional status and changes of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets.

Methods: Sixty patients with locally advanced gastric cancer who were admitted by Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University from March 2020 to February 2021 were enrolled and randomly divided into two groups, with 30 cases in each group. The control group was treated with FOLFOX4 chemotherapy, while the experimental group was additively treated with cindilizumab on the basis of control group. The incidence of adverse reactions, clinical efficacy, improvement of nutritional and physical status, and changes in the levels of T lymphocyte subgroups in the two groups were compared and analyzed.

Results: The total effective rate was 70% in the experimental group, which was better than 43.3% of the control group (p=0.04). The improvement rate of performance status (ECOG) score and nutritional indicators in the experimental group was significantly better than that in the control group (p<0.05). Moreover, the indicators of CD3+, CD4+, CD4+/CD8+ in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group after treatment, with statistically significant differences (CD3+, p=0.01; CD4 +, p=0.02; CD4+/CD8+, p=0.01).

Conclusion: Immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy has a significant effect on locally advanced gastric cancer patients, with significant improvement in physical strength and nutritional status, significant improvement in T lymphocyte function, and no obvious adverse reactions. It is worth promoting in clinical application.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.7.4347

How to cite this:
Li W, Jiao J, Wang Z, Wei Y, Zhang Y. Clinical efficacy of immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy in patients with advanced gastric cancer, its effect on nutritional status and Changes of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(7):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.7.4347

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2021-09-06
How to Cite
Li, W.- wen, Jiao, J., Wang, Z.- yu, Wei, Y.- ning, & Zhang, Y.- fang. (2021). Clinical efficacy of immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy in patients with advanced gastric cancer, its effect on nutritional status and Changes of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(7). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.7.4347
Section
Original Articles