Effect of percutaneous minimally invasive pedicle screw internal fixation in the treatment of thoracolumbar vertebral fractures and its impact on quality of life

  • Pengfa Tu
  • Chong-chao Yan
  • Jian-xue Hao
  • Shuo Cao
  • Chenyang Jiang Baoding No.1 Hospital
Keywords: Percutaneous minimally invasive; Pedicle screw fixation; Thoracolumbar segment; Vertebral fracture

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate and analyze the effect of percutaneous minimally invasive pedicle screw internal fixation in the treatment of thoracolumbar vertebral fractures and its impact on quality of life.

Methods: Fifty patients with thoracolumbar vertebral fracture admitted to our hospital from January 2015 to December 2018 were selected and divided into two groups according to different treatment regimens. The observation group was treated with minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation, while the control group was treated with traditional posterior approach open pedicle screw internal fixation. The surgery time, incision length, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative drainage, hospitalization time, ambulation time, fracture healing time and postoperative VAS scores were compared between the two groups. In addition, the cobb angle, the sagittal plane index, and the anterior vertebral height were compared between the two groups before and after surgery, as were the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) at 1d, 3 months, and 6 months postoperatively.

Results: The surgery time, incision length, postoperative pain level, postoperative drainage and intraoperative blood loss of the observation group were less than those of the control group (P<0.05). The postoperative Cobb angle of the two groups decreased, the sagittal plane index as well as the anterior vertebral height increased (P<0.05). The Oswestry index of the observation group was better than that of the control group at one day and three months postoperatively, with a statistical significance between the two groups (P<0.05). The complication rate of the observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Percutaneous minimally invasive pedicle screw internal fixation is safer than the traditional open pedicle screw internal fixation, and it is more worthy of clinical promotion.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4329

How to cite this:
Tu P, Yan C, Hao J, Cao S, Jiang C. Effect of percutaneous minimally invasive pedicle screw internal fixation in the treatment of thoracolumbar vertebral fractures and its impact on quality of life. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(1):100-105. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4329

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2021-11-22
How to Cite
Tu, P., Yan, C.- chao, Hao, J.- xue, Cao, S., & Jiang, C. (2021). Effect of percutaneous minimally invasive pedicle screw internal fixation in the treatment of thoracolumbar vertebral fractures and its impact on quality of life. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 38(1). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4329
Section
Original Articles