Single Median Raphe Scrotal incision Orchiopexy: A safe & feasible approach for fixation of Palpable Undescended testes
Background: We wish to share our outcome of single median raphe scrotal incision orchiopexy (SMRSO) regarding safety & feasibility of technique by evaluating ease of access, conversion rate, duration of surgery, success rate, complications, and the need for redo-surgery.
Methods: We retrospectively analyzed data of 277 orchiopexies performed in our department on 224 patients operated on between June 2016 to June 2019. SMRSO was considered for palpable testes that can be brought to the upper limit of the scrotum under anesthesia. The conventional inguinoscrotal approach was used for high lying testes. A median raphe incision was made to access & mobilize the testis on either side, ligation of processus vaginalis performed, and the testes secured in the scrotal pouch. The approach was utilized for both unilateral and bilateral orchiopexies. Follow-up done at one week, one month & six months to evaluate the outcome.
Results: A total of 277 orchiopexies were performed in 224 patients. 237 (86%) orchiopexies were via the median raphe scrotal approach in 184 patients. Out of these, 53 cases had bilateral orchiopexies. 30 (11%) performed via a conventional inguinoscrotal approach and 10 (4%) by laparoscopic approach. The mean duration of surgery for SMRSO was 24 minutes for unilateral and 42 minutes for bilateral cases. Immediate postoperative complications included scrotal hematoma in three (1.6%) cases, Hematoma of the abdominal wall in one case, and scrotal edema in 4 (2%) patients. All complications were treated conservatively & resolved. No wound infection or testicular atrophy was reported. Long-term complications included testicular ascend in three cases [1.6%].
Conclusion: Single-incision Median Raphe Scrotal orchiopexy is an attractive alternative to the standard inguinoscrotal orchiopexy for palpable low lying undescended testes with a better cosmetic outcome.
How to cite this:
Jan IA, Hassan M, Shalaan I, Alshehhi MA. Single Median Raphe Scrotal incision Orchiopexy: A safe & feasible approach for fixation of Palpable Undescended testes. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(7):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.7.4261
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