Comparison of cortisol levels in patients with vasovagal syncope and postural tachycardia syndrome

  • Humaira Fayyaz
  • Shazadi Ambreen Shifa international hospital islamabad
  • Hammad Raziq
  • Azmat Hayyat
Keywords: Serum Cortisol, Head Up Tilt Test, Postural Tachycardia Syndrome, Syncope, Vasovagal Syncope

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the levels of cortisol in patients of vasovagal syncope (VVS) and postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS).

Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted at Islamic International Medical College, Rawalpindi and Electrophysiology Department at (AFIC). This study included 80 subjects, comprising of 35 patients in each group of vasovagal syncope and postural tachycardia syndrome and 10 healthy subjects. Patients with complaint of syncope was evaluated for vasovagal syncope and postural tachycardia syndrome using Head Up Tilt Test (HUTT). Blood samples of all the participants were taken and serum cortisol was analyzed using ELISA method. Results were analyzed on SPSS Statistics 21 using ANOVA with a p-value of ≤0.05 regarded as significant.

Results: Hormonal analysis shows that cortisol levels in the vasovagal, postural tachycardia syndrome and in control group was 153±16.7pg/ml, 160.17±pg/ml, and 69.65±5.8pg/ml respectively. Cortisol levels were significantly higher in both vasovagal and POTS groups as compared to controls with a p-value of 0.04 and 0.023 respectively. However, there was no significant difference between vasovagal and POTS patients with p value 0.570.

Conclusion: It is concluded from the study that cortisol responses of VVS and POTS were positive.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4122

How to cite this:
Khan HF, Ambreen S, Raziq H, Hayat A. Comparison of cortisol levels in patients with vasovagal syncope and postural tachycardia syndrome. Pak J Med Sci. 2022;38(1):185-189. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4122

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2021-11-22
How to Cite
Fayyaz, H., Ambreen, S., Raziq, H., & Hayyat, A. (2021). Comparison of cortisol levels in patients with vasovagal syncope and postural tachycardia syndrome. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 38(1). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.38.1.4122
Section
Original Articles