Chest Trauma Experience: Incidence, associated factors, and outcomes among patients in Saudi Arabia

  • Waseem M. Hajjar
  • Sami A. Al-nassar
  • Omar S Almutair
  • Abdulrahman H. Alfahadi
  • Nawaf H. Aldosari
  • Sultan Ayoub Meo College of Medicine, King Saud University
Keywords: Chest trauma, Etiology, Patterns, Management of chest trauma, Tertiary

Abstract

Background and Objective: Worldwide chest trauma is considered one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. There is a lack of sufficient information on the etiology, pattern, and management of these injuries in Saudi Arabia. Therefore, the current study was conducted to determine the spectrum of chest trauma and its associated factors among patients admitted to King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A quantitative observational cross-sectional analysis was performed, data obtained from the medical records of the chest trauma patients which were admitted in the thoracic surgery unit, King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia from January 2013 to Jan 2019. The records of all these patients were reviewed and data were collected and analyzed prospectively.

Results: A total of 236 patients (male: 87.3%; mean age: 32.4 years) were included in the analyses. The majority of these chest trauma cases (n=205; 86.9%) were caused by road traffic accidents (RTA). Blunt trauma predominated the cases n=225 (95.3%). Ribs fracture had the highest prevalence among the chest injuries with a number of 150 (63.5%) followed by lung contusion 140 (59.3%). Pneumothorax occurred in 131 (55.5%) and hemothorax occurred in 80 (33.8%) with most common indication for emergency thoracotomy. Extra-thoracic injuries involving the head/brain, limbs, and abdominal organs occurred in 189 (80%). 130 (55%) were intubated and ventilated, and almost half of the patients 115 (48.7%) were required a chest tube insertion.

Conclusions: Chest trauma is a major health issue particularly in young male adults and road traffic accidents are the leading cause of chest trauma in Saudi Arabia. Early recognition of the patterns, etiology and appropriate management of trauma reduce the incidence of chest trauma related injuries.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3842

How to cite this:
Hajjar WM, Al-Nassar SA, Almutair OS, Alfahadi AH, Aldosari NH, Meo SA. Chest Trauma Experience: Incidence, associated factors, and outcomes among patients in Saudi Arabia. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(2):---------.
doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3842

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2021-01-04
How to Cite
Hajjar, W. M., Al-nassar, S. A., Almutair, O. S., Alfahadi, A. H., Aldosari, N. H., & Meo, S. A. (2021). Chest Trauma Experience: Incidence, associated factors, and outcomes among patients in Saudi Arabia. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(2). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3842
Section
Original Articles

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