Analysis of Cesarean Sections using Robson’s Ten Group Classification System

  • Rashida Parveen Department of Obs & Gyne, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan
  • Mehnaz Khakwani Department of Obs & Gyne, Unit-II, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan
  • Anum Naz Department of Obs & Gyne, Unit-II, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan
  • Rabia Bhatti Department of Obs & Gyne, Unit-II, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan
Keywords: Robson’s Ten-Group Classification, cesarean section, fetal distress

Abstract

Objective: To analyze trends of CSs and evaluating them according to Robson’s Ten Groups Classification System (TGCS) at a leading government tertiary care hospital of South Punjab, Pakistan.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan Pakistan, from October 2019 to March 2020.The study population included a total of 167 women who underwent CS in the hospital during the specified study period. For each case, we collected data regarding maternal characteristics and pregnancy-related information. The dependent variable was Robson classification group.

Results: Overall, mean age was 26.53+5.1 years. Majority of the women, 116 (69.5%) belonged to urban areas of residence, 74 (44.3%) gestational aged between 37-42 years while 108 (64.7%) had history of cesarean section. Most of the patients, 85 (50.9%) turned out to be from TGCS Group-10. Group-5 and Group-1 were the 2nd and 3rd most common group, accounted for 24 (14.4%) and 19 (11.4%) cases respectively. Previous cesarean section (20.4%) and fetal distress (19.8%) were found to be most common indications leading to cesarean section.

Conclusion: As per Robson’s Ten-Group Classification, Group-10 and Group-5 were found to be the most contributing among deliveries done. Previous cesarean section and fetal distress were the most common indications of cesarean section.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3823

How to cite this:
Parveen R, Khakwani M, Naz A, Bhatti R. Analysis of Cesarean Sections using Robson’s Ten Group Classification System. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(2):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3823

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biographies

Mehnaz Khakwani, Department of Obs & Gyne, Unit-II, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan

Professor of Obs & Gyne

Department of Obs & Gyne, Unit-II, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan

Anum Naz, Department of Obs & Gyne, Unit-II, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan

Postgraduate Registrar,

Department of Obs & Gyne, Unit-II, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan

Rabia Bhatti, Department of Obs & Gyne, Unit-II, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan

Assistant Professor

Department of Obs & Gyne, Unit-II, Nishtar Medical University Hospital, Multan

Published
2021-01-01
How to Cite
Parveen, R., Khakwani, M., Naz, A., & Bhatti, R. (2021). Analysis of Cesarean Sections using Robson’s Ten Group Classification System. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(2). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3823
Section
Original Articles

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