Eczema Herpeticum in children with burns
Background & Objective: Eczema herpeticum (EH) is a disseminated viral infection occurring in pre-existing skin conditions and burns. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency, treatment, and outcome of EH in pediatric burn patients.
Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in the pediatric surgery department, King Edward Medical University/ Mayo Hospital, Lahore, from October 2015 to July 2018 after ethical approval. All pediatric burn patients diagnosed with EH and not sensitive to Acyclovir or suffering from chemical burns were enrolled in the study. Diagnosis was confirmed by presence of umbilicated lesions in burnt area and a positive Tzanck smear. Intravenous acyclovir and supportive treatment was started. Mortality, development of contractures, length of hospital stay/ time for wound healing, re-activation of EH was calculated.
Results: Out of 3958 admitted pediatric burn patients, 94(2.4%) developed EH. Girls were 58(61.7%) and boys were 36(38.3%). Mean age was 5.16 ±2.88 years. Scald burn was in 43(45.7%) patients, flame burn in 48(51.1%) patients, and electric flash burn in 3(3.2%) patients. Mean TBSA was 21.74±10.38%. Vesicular eruptions settled in 92 (97.9%) patients after treatment with acyclovir. Mean duration of treatment was 19.89±8.9 days and hospital stay was 29.84±16.98 days. Twenty three patients (24.5%) developed contractures and two patients (2.1%) developed disseminated EH and expired. Six (6.4%) patients had re-activation of EH.
Conclusion: EH occurred in 2.4% of admitted pediatric burn patients. Intravenous acyclovir was successful in 97.9% of the patients, although 2.1% developed disseminated EH and expired. Re-activation occurred in 6.4% of the cases and was associated with prolonged hospital stay.
How to cite this:
Naumeri F, Rijal S, Rashid AR, Ahmad HM. Eczema Herpeticum in children with burns. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(2):421-425. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3642
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