Reliability of Hand-Held Dynamometer for assessing Isometric Lumbar Muscles Strength in Asymptomatic Healthy Population

  • Fahad Tanveer The University of Lahore
  • Syed Asadullah Arslan The University of Lahore
  • Haider Darain Institute of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, Pakistan.
  • Ashfaq Ahmad The University of Lahore
Keywords: Reliability, Lumbar Region, Muscle Strength Dynamometer

Abstract

Objective: To determine intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of hand-held dynamometer for assessing isometric lumbar muscle strength in asymptomatic healthy population.

Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted at the department of physiotherapy, University of Lahore Teaching Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan, from July 2020 to August 2020 through non probability-purposive sampling technique. Thirty healthy subjects were tested at thirty-degree lumbar flexion and zero-degree lumbar extension positions. Two raters assessed isometric strength of lumbar flexor and extensor muscles, by a hand-held dynamometer. Strength was measured and recorded by each of the two raters and re-assessed after a week. Correlation and pairwise comparison were done between readings. ICC values were calculated for the assessment of isometric lumbar muscle strength using handheld dynamometer.

Results: A total of 30 healthy subjects had participated with mean age of 22.84±1.21 years, height 174.33±6.83 cm, weight 68.58±5.08 kg and BMI 22.52±0.35. Findings showed an excellent intra-rater (ICC 2, k = 0.95 to 0.97) and inter-rater (ICC 2, k = 0.94 to 0.95) reliability.

Conclusions: Hand held dynamometer demonstrated an excellent intra- and inter-rater reliability for assessment of isometric lumbar muscles strength of healthy subject at clinical setting as it is simple to use, portable and cost-effective for the precise measurement of lumbar muscles strength.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3621

How to cite this:
Tanveer F, Arslan SA, Darain H, Ahmad A. Reliability of Hand-Held Dynamometer for assessing Isometric Lumbar Muscles Strength in Asymptomatic Healthy Population. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(2):461-465. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3621

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2021-02-03
How to Cite
Tanveer, F., Arslan, S., Darain, H., & Ahmad, A. (2021). Reliability of Hand-Held Dynamometer for assessing Isometric Lumbar Muscles Strength in Asymptomatic Healthy Population. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(2). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3621
Section
Original Articles