Biomechanical effects of osteoporosis on adjacent segments after posterior lumbar interbody fusion: A finite element study

  • Chenchen Zhang
  • Minmin Chang
  • Renwen Zhang
  • Shujie Tang Jinan university
Keywords: Adjacent segmental degeneration (ASD), Finite element study, Osteoporosis, Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF)

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the biomechanical effects of osteoporosis on adjacent segments after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF).

Methods: This study was designed and conducted in the Traumatology and Orthopedics Laboratory, School of Chinese Medicine, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China, between December 2019 and February 2020. A healthy finite element model of L3-S1 was developed along with one PLIF model and one PLIF with osteoporosis model. Based on a hybrid test method, the inferior surface of S1 was entirely fixed, and a preload of 400N combined with an adjusted moment was imposed on the superior surface of L3 in each model to simulate flexion, extension, lateral bending and axial rotation. The intradiscal pressure (IDP), shear stress on annulus fibrosus, and the range of motion (ROM) of L3-L4 and L5-S1 were calculated and compared.

Results: In each direction, the highest value of IDP and shear stress on annulus fibrosus at L3-L4 and L5-S1 was found in the PLIF model, and the lowest value in the healthy model. The largest ROM at L4-L5 appeared in the healthy model, and the smallest value in the PLIF model in each direction. At L3-L4 and L5-S1, the highest ROM in most directions was found in the PLIF model, followed by the PLIF with osteoporosis model, and the lowest value in the healthy model.

Conclusions: Osteoporosis can decrease IDP, shear stress on annulus fibrosus, and ROM at adjacent levels, and slow down the development of ASD after PLIF.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3223

How to cite this:
Zhang C, Chang M, Zhang R, Tang S. Biomechanical effects of osteoporosis on adjacent segments after posterior lumbar interbody fusion: A finite element study. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(2):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3223

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2021-01-02
How to Cite
Zhang, C., Chang, M., Zhang, R., & Tang, S. (2021). Biomechanical effects of osteoporosis on adjacent segments after posterior lumbar interbody fusion: A finite element study. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(2). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.2.3223
Section
Original Articles