Clinical characteristics and long-term prognosis of spontaneous coronary artery dissection: A single-center Chinese experience

Spontaneous coronary artery dissection

  • Xintian Liu
  • Chengyi Xu
  • Chengwei Liu
  • Xi Su
Keywords: Acute coronary syndrome, Coronary angiography, Coronary artery bypass grafting, Coronary artery disease, Percutaneous coronary intervention, Spontaneous coronary artery dissection

Abstract

Background and Objective: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCD) remains a rare and important cause of coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to describe the clinical and angiographic features in SCD and to evaluate the treatment and long-term prognosis of this condition in China.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 118 Chinese patients with SCD confirmed by coronary angiography. Clinical and angiographic features, treatment modalities and outcomes of SCD were estimated.

Results: The overall prevalence of SCD was 0.15%. Age was 57 ± 10 years; 86% patients were men; 75% presented with acute coronary syndrome (ACS); 72% had concomitant atherosclerotic CAD. SCD often affected right coronary artery (RCA) and caused a short dissection (< 20mm). A conservative therapy was used in 28% of patients and revascularization in 72% (percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI] 57%; coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG] 15%). Only one patient died during hospitalization due to multiple organ failure after CABG. During a median follow-up of 43 months (range, 1 - 158 months), 32 patients had a new-onset ACS, 9 received revascularization (7 PCI and 2 CABG), and 8 died. The Kaplan-Meier estimated 12-year rates of freedom from cardiac death and ACS were both higher in revascularization versus conservative therapy (78% versus 57%; P = 0.023; 48% versus 25%, P = 0.014). No significant difference was found in freedom from revascularization between the two therapies.

Conclusions: In China, SCD was usually associated with atherosclerosis and predominantly affected male population. SCD often affected RCA and caused a short dissection. In-hospital mortality rate was low regardless of therapeutic strategy. However, a significantly better long-term prognosis was observed in the revascularization compared with conservative therapy.

How to cite this:
Liu X, Xu C, Liu C, Su X. Clinical characteristics and long-term prognosis of spontaneous coronary artery dissection: A single-center Chinese experience. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(1):106-112. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.1.321

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-01-22
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