Psychological burden of quarantine in children and adolescents: A rapid systematic review and proposed solutions

  • Nazish Imran KEMU
  • Irum Aamer Senior Registrar, Academic Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, King Edward Medical University/Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Imran Sharif Senior Registrar, Department of Child and Family Psychiatry, King Edward Medical Universi-ty/Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Zubair Hassan Bodla Medical Officer, Department of Child and Family Psychiatry, King Edward Medical Universi-ty/Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Sadiq Naveed Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Kansas Medical Cen-ter, Kansas, USA.
Keywords: COVID-19, Children, Adolescents, Quarantine, Mental health, Stigma

Abstract

As COVID-19 grips the world, many people are quarantined or isolated resulting in adverse consequences for the mental health of youth. This rapid review takes into account the impact of quarantine on mental health of children and adolescents, and proposes measures to improve psychological outcomes of isolation. Three electronic databases including PubMed, Scopus, and ISI Web of Science were searched. Two independent reviewers performed title and abstract screening followed by full-text screening. This review article included 10 studies. The seven studies before onset of COVID 19 about psychological impact of quarantine in children have reported isolation, social exclusion stigma and fear among the children. The most common diagnoses were acute stress disorder, adjustment disorder, grief, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Three studies during the COVID-19 pandemic reported restlessness, irritability, anxiety, clinginess and inattention with increased screen time in children during quarantine. These adverse consequences can be tackled through carefully formulated multilevel interventions.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.5.3088

How to cite this:
Imran N, Aamer I, Sharif MI, Bodla ZH, Naveed S. Psychological burden of quarantine in children and adolescents: A rapid systematic review and proposed solutions. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(5):1106-1116. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.5.3088

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2020-06-26
How to Cite
Imran, N., Aamer, I., Sharif, M., Bodla, Z., & Naveed, S. (2020). Psychological burden of quarantine in children and adolescents: A rapid systematic review and proposed solutions. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(5). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.5.3088