Effect of displacement on Adherence to TB Treatment: An observational study in TB patients from Internally Displaced Persons of Pakistan

  • Farman Ullah Khan Quaid i Azam University
  • Zahid Asghar Quaid i Azam University Islamabad
  • Muhammad Khalid Tipu Quaid I Azam University Islamabad
  • Asim .ur. Rehman Quaid i Azam University Islamabad
  • Asif Khan District TB Control Program, Bannu, 28100 Khyber PakhtunKhwa Pakistan
  • Tofeeq Ur- Rehman Quaid i Azam University Islambad
Keywords: Tuberculosis, Displacement, Internally Displaced Persons, Adherence, TB Treatment Outcomes

Abstract

Objective: This study was aimed to investigate TB patients adherence and treatment outcomes among internally displaced patients in comparison with adjacent settled areas.

Methods: The study was designed as an observational cross-sectional study among the TB patients of internally displaced populations (IDPs) of North Waziristan Agency (NWA) and adjacent settled areas of Bannu and Lakki Marwat (NIDPs). Based on the study inclusion and exclusion criteria 330 patients fullfilled the inclusion criteria and were assigned equally to both IDPs and NIDPs study groups. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval was calculated and p-values, 0.05 were considered statistically significant.

Results: The treatment outcomes with the status of “cured” and “completed treatment” were better among NIDPs as compared to IDPs. Patients with treatment outcome status of “defaulted treatment”, “without documentary evidence, and “failure” were high in IDPs as compared to NIDPs. Adherence to TB treatment was better among NIDPs (50.9%) as compared to IDPs (39.4%). The patients showing non-adherence to TB treatment were more among IDPS (27.3%) than NIDPs (10.9%).

Conclusion: Overall results of this study revealed a poor adherence to the TB treatment medications with an odds ratio of 0.286, (p<0.05) among IDPs as compared with NIDPs.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.3.2992

How to cite this:
Khan FU, Asghar Z, Tipu MK, Asim.ur.Rehman, Khan A, Tofeeq Ur-Rehman. Effect of displacement on Adherence to TB Treatment: An observational study in TB patients from Internally Displaced Persons of Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(3):675-679.  doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.3.2992

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2021-03-26
How to Cite
Khan, F., Asghar, Z., Tipu, M., Rehman, A., Khan, A., & Rehman, T. (2021). Effect of displacement on Adherence to TB Treatment: An observational study in TB patients from Internally Displaced Persons of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 37(3). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.3.2992
Section
Original Articles