Analysis of the depression and anxiety status and related risk factors in patients with lumbar disc herniation

Risk factors in patients with lumbar disc herniation

  • Wenzhi Mu
  • Yong Shang
  • Chenchen Zhang
  • Shujie Tang Jinan university
Keywords: Lumbar disc herniation (LDH), Depression, Anxiety, Risk factors

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the depression and anxiety status and related risk factors in patients with lumbar disc herniation, and help spine surgeons better identify those patients who need psychological care.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed on patients with lumbar disc herniation treated in our hospital between October 2015 and August 2018. Visual analog scale and Oswestry disability index were used to assess pain intensity and lumbar function, and Zung self-rating depression and anxiety scale were employed to evaluate the depression and anxiety status of the patients, and the demographic and clinical data including age, gender, marital status, occupation type, employment status, education level, surgery history, herniation type, disease duration, and insurance status were collected for analysis.

Results: In the current study, 165 patients were enrolled based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, gender (p=0.03), pain intensity (p=0.01), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) (p=0.00), and disease duration (p=0.001) were identified as independent risk factors for depression status, and pain intensity (p=0.02), disease duration (p=0.002) and SDS (Zung self-rating depression scale) (p=0.003) were independent risk factors for anxiety status in patients with lumbar disc herniation. There was a significant correlation between Zung self-rating depression and anxiety scale in patients with lumbar disc herniation (p<0.05).

Conclusion: Psychological intervention is critical for patients with lumbar disc herniation, especially for those female patients with severe pain and longer disease duration.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.3.299

How to cite this:
Mu W, Shang Y, Zhang C, Tang S. Analysis of the depression and anxiety status and related risk factors in patients with lumbar disc herniation. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(3):658-662. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.3.299

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-05-21
Section
Original Articles