Hemolytic Uremic syndrome associated with pregnancy: Outcome from acute Kidney Injury

  • Rubina Naqvi SIUT
Keywords: AKI, RIFLE criteria, Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome, Pregnancy, Plasmapheresis

Abstract

Objective: To report here, case series of women developing acute kidney injury (AKI) in association with hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) during pregnancy or within days postpartum.

Methods: Subjects for the study reported here comprised of a cohort of 49 women referred from OBGYN and diagnosed having AKI and HUS. AKI was defined according to RIFLE criteria and HUS on basis of hematological, biochemical and histological features. All patients had normal size kidneys on ultrasonography and no previous co- morbidity.

Results: From January 2000 – January 2020, 49 such women were admitted/ referred to this facility. The mean age of these patients was 29.02±5.258 years. Two had HUS during pregnancy while rest during postpartum. Majority of women had more than one insults these include hemorrhages, intrauterine deaths, operative measure (lower segment caesarean section). Renal replacement was required in all women. Complete renal recovery was observed in 14 patients, while one died during acute phase of illness. CKD-V developed in 17 patients, 16 patients lost long term follow up, but were dialysis free till last follow up and one left against medical advice during acute phase of illness. Treatment with plasmapheresis revealed significantly better renal recovery (p value 0.03) in this group of patients.

Conclusion: AKI with background of Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) may remain irreversible in many of these young women. Plasmapheresis should be offered to patients with established diagnosis of HUS.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.2931

How to cite this:
Naqvi R. Hemolytic Uremic syndrome associated with pregnancy: Outcome from acute Kidney Injury. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(6):1153-1157. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.2931

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2020-08-18
How to Cite
Naqvi, R. (2020). Hemolytic Uremic syndrome associated with pregnancy: Outcome from acute Kidney Injury. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(6). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.2931
Section
Original Articles