Compliance of checking HbA1c in a tertiary care hospital of Pakistan
Background and Objectives: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus worldwide was 171 million one and half decade ago, while the prediction is 366 million patients by 2030 and more than 640 million people by 2040. HbA1c value represents average blood glucose over the past 2-3 months and accounts for both pre-prandial and post-prandial blood glucose levels. A link between HbA1c and diabetic complications has been confirmed. In general, patients with controlled diabetes mellitus should have at least biannual testing, while patients with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus or unmet glycemic targets should be tested every three months. The objective was to see compliance of checking HbA1c in tertiary care hospital of a developing world.
Methods: This was a retrospective observational study done from 1st February 2019 to 31st March 2019 in the Department of Medicine and Surgery, The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. All patients of age 18 years and above, admitted with a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (DM) from 1st February 2019 to 31st March 2019 were included. If HbA1c was less than 7% the patients were labelled as having controlled DM, otherwise, uncontrolled DM. If HbA1c of patients with controlled DM was not checked in last six months and if HbA1c of patients with uncontrolled DM was not checked in last three months then it was labelled as non-compliance of checking HbA1c.
Results: Out of 1732 diabetic patients only 94 patients fulfilled inclusion criteria. Out of these 94 patients 43 (45.7%) were male. Mean HbA1c was 7.90% (1.4) and 69 (73.4%) patients had uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. Overall, the compliance of checking HbA1c was 58.5%. In uncontrolled diabetes mellitus patients, the compliance of checking HbA1c was 45% and in controlled diabetes mellitus patients the compliance was 96%.
Conclusion: The compliance of checking HbA1c is inadequate in diabetic inpatients. The considerable prevalence of diabetes and the benefits of timely interventions in diagnosed patients to prevent complications suggest the need for a comprehensive awareness among the doctors for checking HbA1c.
How to cite this:
Aziz A, Ali SA. Compliance of checking HbA1c in a tertiary care hospital of Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(1):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.1.2814
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