Serum resistin: A possible link between inflammation, hypertension and coronary artery disease
Background & Objectives: Inflammation is considered as the main triggering factor in evolution of atherosclerotic pathology of heart and blood vessels. Resistin, an inflammatory cytokine is proved to be a main mediator of initiation and progression of mechanisms leading to atherosclerosis, hypertension and ultimately to coronary artery disease. Our objective was to compare the levels of serum resistin, C-reactive protein and total leucocyte count in subjects of hypertension and coronary artery disease; and to observe the correlation of serum resistin with CRP and TLC in the study participants.
Methods: Eighty selected participants were divided into four equal groups including normal healthy participants, newly diagnosed cases of hypertension, stable angina pectoris and myocardial infarction, both with hypertension. The study was conducted in the physiology department of Post Graduate Medical Institute Lahore, during 2013. After consent, history and examination, fasting blood samples of the participants were collected. Serum resistin and C-reactive protein were determined by using standard techniques of enzyme linked immunosorbent assay, while total leukocyte count by automated hematology analyzer.
Results: The values of serum resistin, C- reactive protein and total leukocyte count were found significantly raised in patients of hypertension, angina pectoris and myocardial infarction with hypertension as compared to normal participants (p<0.001 for all). Significantly positive correlation of resistin was observed with TLC only in hypertensive patients of myocardial infarction (r = 0.459, n = 20, p = 0.042) while in other study groups correlation between resistin and TLC as well as CRP was non-significant.
Conclusion: Serum resistin levels along with CRP and TLC are significantly raised in patients of hypertension and coronary artery disease while resistin levels revealed significantly positive correlation with TLC in hypertensive patients of myocardial infarction.
How to cite this:
Niaz S, Latif J, Hussain S. Serum resistin: A possible link between inflammation, hypertension and coronary artery disease. Pak J Med Sci. 2019;35(3):641-646. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.35.3.274
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