Tobacco Smoking a Potential Risk Factor in Transmission of COVID-19 Infection

COVID-19 transmission and tobacco smoking

  • Naseer Ahmed Altamash Institute of Dental Medicine Karachi 75500, Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0960-1123
  • Afsheen Maqsood Altamash institute of dental medicine karachi 75500
  • Tariq Abduljabbar College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh 11545, Saudi Arabia
  • Fahim Vohra College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh 11545, Saudi Arabia
Keywords: COVID-19 infection, Risk Factor, Tobacco smoking, Viral Transmission

Abstract

Corona Virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global pandemic and is caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) group of viruses. To date, April 25, 2020, more than 2.4 million humans are infected and more than a hundred thousand deaths have been reported from more than 200 countries from COVID-19. There is no evidence-based treatment for the infection and prevention of transmission using social distancing, isolation and hygiene measures is widely recommended. Tobacco smoking is rampant in communities around the globe and the addiction to tobacco results in deaths of more than 8 million individuals each year. As COVID-19 transmits through salivary droplets and causes severe lung pneumonia, tobacco smokers are also at high risk of severe COVID-19 infection due to poor lung function, cross-infection and susceptible hygiene habits. Smoking tobacco (cigarette, e-cigarettes or waterpipe) produces exhaled smoke, coughing or sneezing, aerosols containing SARS-CoV-2 in the surroundings and contaminating surfaces. Therefore, smoking tobacco is a possible mode of transmission for the virus for both active and passive smokers. Smoking should be considered a risk factor for the disease transmission until further availability of evidence and measures to limit its direct and indirect effects should be implemented within the community.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.COVID19-S4.2739

How to cite this:
Ahmed N, Maqsood A, Abduljabbar T, Vohra F. Tobacco Smoking a Potential Risk Factor in Transmission of COVID-19 Infection. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(COVID19-S4):COVID19-S104-S107. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.COVID19-S4.2739

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biographies

Naseer Ahmed, Altamash Institute of Dental Medicine Karachi 75500, Pakistan

Associate professor and Head Department of prosthodontics

Afsheen Maqsood, Altamash institute of dental medicine karachi 75500

Assistant Professor and clinical oral histopathologist 

Department Oral Pathology

Tariq Abduljabbar, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh 11545, Saudi Arabia

Professor, Department of Prosthetic Dental Science

Fahim Vohra, College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh 11545, Saudi Arabia

Department of Prosthetic Dental Science

Published
2020-05-19
How to Cite
Ahmed, N., Maqsood, A., Abduljabbar, T., & Vohra, F. (2020). Tobacco Smoking a Potential Risk Factor in Transmission of COVID-19 Infection. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(COVID19-S4). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.COVID19-S4.2739
Section
Special Communications