Epidemiology of CoViD-19 Pandemic: Recovery and mortality ratio around the globe

Epidemiology of COVID-19 Pandemic

  • Aziz Ullah Noor Department of Microbiology, Hazara University, Mansehra
  • Farhana Maqbool Department of Microbiology, Hazara University, Mansehra
  • Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhatti COMSATS University, Islamabad
  • Asmat Ullah Khan Department of Human Anatomy, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, P. R. China
Keywords: CoViD-19, Pandemic, Public health, Wuhan, Zoonotic

Abstract

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (CoViD-19) is the third type of coronavirus disease after severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) that appears in human population from the past two decades. It is highly contagious and rapidly spread in the human population and compelled global public health institutions on high alert. Due to genetic similarity of this novel coronavirus 2019 with bat virus its emergence from bat to humans is possible. The virus survive in the droplets of coughing and sneezing and spread around the large areas through infected person resulting in its rapid spread among people. Clinical symptoms of CoViD-19 include fever, dry cough, dyspnea, loose stool, nausea and vomiting. The present review discuss the origin of CoViD-19, its rapid spread, mortality rate and recoveries ratio around the world. Since its origin from Wuhan, the CoViD-19 spread very rapidly all across the countries, on April 17, 2020 this disease has affected 210 countries of the globe. The data obtained showed over 2.4 million confirmed cases of CoViD-19. Higher mortality rate was found in Algeria and Belgium as 15% and 13.95%, respectively. Lower mortality rate was found in Qatar 0.17% and Singapore 0.2%. Recovery versus deceased ratio showed that recovery was 68, 59 and 35 times higher than the death in Singapore, Qatar and Thailand respectively. It is concluded that 2019-novel corona virus is a zoonotic pathogen similar to MERS and SARS. Therefore, a barrier should be maintained between and across the human, household and wild animals to avoid such pandemics.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.COVID19-S4.2660

How to cite this:
Noor AU, Maqbool F, Bhatti ZA, Khan AU. Epidemiology of CoViD-19 Pandemic: Recovery and mortality ratio around the globe. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(COVID19-S4):COVID19-S79-S84. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.COVID19-S4.2660

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biography

Aziz Ullah Noor, Department of Microbiology, Hazara University, Mansehra

Veterinary doctor, Ph.D scholar

helped in manuscript writing, and collect all information

Published
2020-05-19
How to Cite
Noor, A., Maqbool, F., Bhatti, Z., & Khan, A. (2020). Epidemiology of CoViD-19 Pandemic: Recovery and mortality ratio around the globe. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(COVID19-S4). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.COVID19-S4.2660