Clinical correlation and prognostic significance of immunofluorescence in renal biopsies of patients having Glomerulonephritis
Objective: To correlate the immunofluorescence (IF) findings on renal biopsies of patients of glomerulonephritis (GN) with the clinical course of the disease.
Methods: This retrospective descriptive study was done at the Department of Pediatrics Medicine Unit-I, Nishtar Hospital Multan, from January 2008 to January 2019. A total of 387 cases of both gender, aged up to 16 years, diagnosed having GN on the basis of renal biopsies by light microscopy (LM) and IF findings, were included. Outcome as remission, partial remission, no remission with stable kidney disease, no remission with progressive kidney disease and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) were computed. Chi square test was applied to see the correlation of IF findings and outcome by taking p value less than 0.05 as statistically significant.
Results: Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) was found to be the commonest histopathology finding noted in 158 (40.8%) followed by mesangioproliferative GN 74 (19.1%) and membranous nephropathy 42 (10.9%). Complete remission was observed in 145 (37.5%) cases whereas ESKD was seen in 26 (6.7%). Distinct pattern of IF findings were shown when distribution of IF findings were seen with respect to all study variables (p value < 0.001). For outcome, 134 (51.3%) IF negative cases had complete remission while 93 (35.6%) negative IF findings also had partial remission. ESKD was seen among 14 (25.9%) IgM positive and three (33.3%) IgA positive cases.
Conclusion: Immunofluorescence proved an important diagnostic tool in reaching the exact diagnosis in various types of GN. Distinct correlation between IF findings and clinical course of various types of GN was observed. IF negative cases had better outcome and was not having progressive course of disease so prognosis remained better than IF positive cases in this study.
How to cite this:
Zafar F, Mehar MF, Khan AA, Safdar RS. Clinical correlation and prognostic significance of immunofluorescence in renal biopsies of patients having Glomerulonephritis. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(1):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.37.1.2497
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