Frequency, Co-morbidities and outcome of acute kidney injury in elderly admitted patients

  • Huma Mamun Mahmud Dr.
  • Hormatz Diar Dara Dastoor
Keywords: Acute kidney injury, Old age, Outcome, Elderly, Death

Abstract

Objectives: To analyse the frequency, co morbidities and outcome ofAcute Kidney Injury (AKI) in elderly patients.

Methods: This is an observational retrospective study performed in a secondary care Hospital located in Abu Dhabi. Study include adult patients admitted during 01st January 2018 till 31st December 2018. We uses KDIGO criteria of more than 26.5 micromol/L increase in serum creatinine within 48 hours or 1.5 times increase from baseline within seven days to define AKI. Patients were followed from admission till discharge from hospital either to Home, to other facility or death. Analysis was done on SPSS version 20.

Results: Total admissions for age 60 and above were 880. AKI was observed in 71 patients (8.0%). Most common co-morbidity found was hypertension being observed in 85.9%. Renal recovery was observed in 70.4% out of whom complete recovery was seen in only 32.4% and rest shows partial recovery. Hemodialysis was required in 16.90% and death results in 22.5% of our study patients.

Conclusion: AKI is frequent among elderly admitted patients, commonest co- morbidity in these patients is hypertension. Outcome of AKI in elderly patients is poor with death in 22% of our patients.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.5.2429

How to cite this:
Mahmud HM, Dastoor HDD. Frequency, Co-morbidities and outcome of acute kidney injury in elderly admitted patients. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(5):920-924. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.5.2429

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2020-06-26
How to Cite
Mahmud, H., & Dastoor, H. D. D. (2020). Frequency, Co-morbidities and outcome of acute kidney injury in elderly admitted patients. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(5). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.5.2429