Frequency of silent carotid artery stenosis in diabetics and its associated factors: An analysis in tertiary care hospital

Keywords: carotid artery stenosis, stoke risk, diabetes mellitus, diabetic vascular disease

Abstract

Objective: To estimate frequency of silent carotid artery stenosis and its associated factors in diabetic patients attending a tertiary care hospital.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in tertiary care Civil Hospital, Karachi from March 2019 to September 2019,. A total of 166 patients with Diabetes Mellitus were included in this study. Brief history was taken for the duration of DM, treatment, and smoking habits. Carotid artery stenosis (CAS) wafrs measured by Doppler ultrasound of right and left common, internal, and external carotid arteries.

Results: Frequency of silent carotid artery stenosis (CAS) in diabetic patients was observed in 28.92% (48/166) cases. The mean age ±SD of the patients was 54.8 ±7.96 years. 27 (22.29%) patients were smoker and all were male. Out of 166 diabetic patients, 59 (35.54%) were treated with insulin and 107 (64.46%) were treated with oral hypoglycemic.

Conclusion: Substantial number of diabetic patients with increasing age, increased duration of diabetes and smoking habits have significant silent Silent Carotid Artery Stenosis (CAS).

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.2306

How to cite this:
Ali FS, Bader N, Zuberi BF, Banu S. Frequency of silent carotid artery stenosis in diabetics and its associated factors: An analysis in tertiary care hospital. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(6):---------. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.2306

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biographies

Nimrah Bader, Oklahoma State University Medical Center

R-II

Bader Faiyaz Zuberi, Dow University of Health Sciences

Professor

Sabiha Banu

Endocrinology fellow at aga khan University 

Hospital

Published
2020-07-24
How to Cite
Ali, F., Bader, N., Zuberi, B., & Banu, S. (2020). Frequency of silent carotid artery stenosis in diabetics and its associated factors: An analysis in tertiary care hospital. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(6). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.2306

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