Comparative analysis of the clinical effect and safety of Laparoscopic Radical Cystectomy + Orthotopic Ileal Neobladder and Open Surgery
Objectives: To explore the clinical effect and safety of laparoscopic radical cystectomy + orthotopic ileal neobladder and open surgery.
Methods: The study was conducted at Jingzhou First People’s Hospital from January 2017 to July 2018. In this study 87 patients undergoing radical cystectomy + orthotopic ileal neobladder were chosen and classified into an observation group (48 cases) and a control group (39 cases) according to the surgical methods. The observation group underwent laparoscopic surgery, while the control group underwent open surgery. Perioperative period and prognostic conditions were compared in both groups.
Results: The intraoperative bleeding amount obviously decreased. The recovery time of gastroenteric function and postoperative hospitalization time were significantly shortened. Postoperative pain was significantly alleviated. Compared with the control group, the observation group showed significant differences (P<0.05). The time, amount and difference in pelvic lymph node dissection in both groups were not significantly different (P>0.05). The differences in both groups in terms of the daytime/nighttime urinary continence rate, maximum urinary flow rate, internal bladder pressure, maximum bladder pressure during urination, internal urethral pressure, bladder capacity, and residual urine volume six months after the operation were not statistically significant (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in postoperative complications, including urinary fistula, bleeding, urinary tract infection, pulmonary infection, dysuria, lymphatic leakage, ureterostenosis, or relapse (P>0.05). The ileus incidence rate in the observation group was obviously lower than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Laparoscopic radical cystectomy + orthotopic ileal neobladder has the characteristics of limited trauma, a minimal amount of bleeding and a fast recovery. The functions of orthotopic neobladders are good, and the occurrence rate of postoperative complications is low. In addition, body immunity is protected. Hence, this procedure deserves to be promoted clinically.
How to cite this:
Liu YH, Dai HT, Liu CM, Zheng J. Comparative analysis of the clinical effect and safety of Laparoscopic Radical Cystectomy + Orthotopic Ileal Neobladder and Open Surgery. Pak J Med Sci. 2021;37(1):59-64.
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