DNA Gyrase and Topoisomerase IV Mutations and their effect on Quinolones Resistant Proteus mirabilis among UTIs Patients
Objective: This study aimed to highlight the importance of mutations within Proteus mirabilis genome that are related to fluoroquinolone resistance.
Methods: This is a cross sectional study performed in different teaching hospitals in Khartoum State from June 2016 to May 2017. A total of (120) P mirabilis isolates from patients with symptoms of UTIs attending different hospitals in Khartoum State were examined. First, modified Kurby Bauer method was performed for phenotypical detection of resistant isolates. Then polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) followed by sequencing were applied for detection of mutations in GyrA, GyrB, ParC and ParE genes of isolates.
Results: P. mirabilis showed 30% resistance to ciprofloxacin. All samples revealed mutation at (serine 83) of GyrA and (serine 84) of ParC by Hinf1 restriction endonuclease digestion. Sequencing was performed for 12 samples. For each gene, two resistant and one susceptible strains were randomly selected. The mutations associated with ciprofloxacin resistant P. mirabilis were as follows; (1/3) GyrA (Ser 83 to Ile) and (2/3) ParC (Ser 81 to Ile). Also it revealed silent mutations at codons of GyrB 474 leucine (3/3), 585 valine (2/3), 612 histidine (1/3) and 639 asparagine (1/3) and ParE 469 isoleucine (2/3), 531 aspartic (2/3) and 533 glycine (1/3).
Conclusions: Ciprofloxacin resistance in P. mirabilis could be monitored through detection of mutations within DNA gyrase (encoded by gyrA and gyrB) and topoisomerase IV (encoded by parC and parE).
How to cite this:
Abdelkreem RH, Yousuf AM, Elmekki MA, Elhassan MM. DNA Gyrase and Topoisomerase IV Mutations and their effect on Quinolones Resistant Proteus mirabilis among UTIs Patients. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(6):1234-1240.
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