Comparative response of Desmopressin versus Combination Therapy (Desmopressin + Oxybutynin) in Children with Nocturnal Enuresis
Objective: To assess the safety as well as efficacy of desmopressin monotherapy alone and in combination (desmopressin + oxybutynin) in treating nocturnal urinary incontinence among children with 7 to 13 years.
Methods: This randomized controlled trial has been carried out in National Institute of Child Health from September 2018 to March 2019 with the utilization of convenient sampling technique. Data has been collected after taking ethical approval and informed consent of the Parents with complete confidentiality. The sample size was 84 and equal number of patients was divided in two groups. Group-I was given desmopressin at monotherapy at a dose of 0.2 mg and Group-II was given desmopressin and oxybutynin at the dose of 0.2 mg desmopressin and 5 mg oxybutynin patients were diagnosed on the basis of history. Routine lab investigation included Urine DR and ultrasound abdomen.
Results: In this study significant differences between two groups were found with respect to socio economic status, lack of education of parents (P Less than 0.05). The frequency, urgency and incontinence of this ailment was significantly controlled by combination therapy (desmopressin + oxybutynin) as compared to desmopressin as monotherapy (P Less than 0.05) as patient was followed after one, two and three monthly basis.
Conclusion: Desmopressin combination with oxybutynin is more effective as compared to monotherapy treatment. The affectivity of the combination therapy was very high with least side effects and all the children recovered from the condition at third month of treatment. Furthermore, headache was observed to be common with monotherapy and loss of appetite was observed with combination therapy.
How to cite this:
Kazi A, Moorani KN, Zehra S, Zaidi IH. Comparative response of Desmopressin versus Combination Therapy (Desmopressin + Oxybutynin) in Children with Nocturnal Enuresis. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(6):1263-1269. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.6.1957
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.