Influence of Bioactive, Resin and Glass Ionomer luting cements on the fracture loads of dentin bonded ceramic crowns

Failure loads of Ceramic crowns bonded with Bioactive cement

  • Fahim Vohra King Saud University
  • Manea Altwaim Intern, Department Of General Dentistry,College of Dentistry, King Saud University,
  • Abdulaziz Alshuwaier Intern, Department Of General Dentistry,College of Dentistry, King Saud University,
  • Modhi Al Deeb
  • Yasser Alfawaz
  • Mohammed Alrabiah
  • Tariq Abduljabbar Department of Prosthetic Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, King Saud University,
Keywords: Bioactive cement, Dentin bonded crowns, Failure load, Glass ionomer cement, Resin cement

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the failure loads of dentin bonded all-ceramic crowns when luted with Bioactive, resin and glass ionomer cements (GIC) in an in-vitro setting.

Methods: This study was conducted at King Saud University, Saudi Arabia, from Nov.2018 to March 2019. In this study, 60 premolar teeth were prepared for dentin-bonded ceramic crowns. Lithium disilicate ceramic crowns fabricated using CAD-CAM technique were cemented to teeth using Bioactive (ACITVA), Resin (Nexus 3 Gen) and GIC (Ketac Cem- Maxicap). Half of the bonded specimens in each group were thermocycled (50000 cycles), however the remaining half were not aged (n=10). Fracture loads of bonded crowns were assessed by exposing them to static axial occlusal loads (1mm/min) using a round ended metal probe in a Universal testing machine. Means and standard deviations among the study groups were compared with ANOVA and Tukey-Kramer multiple comparisons test.

Results: Highest failure loads were observed in resin group without ageing (thermocycling) (689.13±89.41 N), however, the lowest loads were observed in GIC specimens with ageing (243.16±49.03 N). Among non-aged samples, failure loads for Bioactive (480.30±47.26 N) group were less than Resin (689.13±89.41 N) samples but higher than GIC (307.51±45.29 N) specimens respectively. Among the aged specimens, Bioactive (404.42±60.43 N) showed significantly higher failure loads than GIC (243.16±49.03 N), however lower failure loads than Resin (582.33±95.95 N) samples.

Conclusions: Dentin boned crowns with resin cementation showed higher failure loads than Bioactive and GIC luted crowns. Crowns luted with Bioactive cement showed acceptable failure loads for use as restoration on anterior teeth.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.3.1946

How to cite this:
Vohra F, Altwaim M, Alshuwaier AS, Al-Deeb M, Alfawaz Y, Alrabiah M, et al. Influence of Bioactive, Resin and Glass Ionomer luting cements on the fracture loads of dentin bonded ceramic crowns. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(3):416-421.  doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.3.1946

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2020-03-03
Section
Original Articles