Internal Displacement: Relationship of mental health and education of children in Swat, Pakistan

Internal Displacement

  • Nasir Ahmad, Dr University of Swat
  • Nasir Shaheen, Dr University of Swat, Pakistan
  • Sajjad Hussain, Dr University of Swat
Keywords: Internal Displacement, Education, PTSD, Depression, Anxiety

Abstract

Background and Objectives: Internal displacement causes mental health problems and effect education of school going children. This study intended to find the relationship between mental health problems and education of children displaced during violence in Swat Pakistan.

Methods: This is quantitative co-relational study conducted in Swat, Pakistan during October 2017 to June 2018. The population of the study constitutes all the students of 25 high schools destroyed during violence. Child PTSD symptom scale, Siddiqui-Shah Depression Scale and Beck Anxiety Inventory were used to collect data from the sample (712) students.

Results: High level of PTSD, depression and anxiety were found in female students and those who were not attending schools during displacement. PTSD and depression have negatively affected academic achievements of female students and those students who were out of schools irrespective of their gender.

Conclusion: The study concludes that internal displacement causes mental health problems in children which can be minimize through education to a great extent.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.5.1847

How to cite this:
Ahmad N, Hussain S, Shaheen N. Internal Displacement: Relationship of mental health and education of children in Swat, Pakistan. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(5):909-913. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.5.1847

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Author Biographies

Nasir Ahmad, Dr, University of Swat

Assistant Professor

Centre for Education and Staff Training, University of Swat

Nasir Shaheen, Dr, University of Swat, Pakistan

Assistant professor

Centre for Commerce and Management Sciences, University of Swat

Sajjad Hussain, Dr, University of Swat

Assistant Professor

Centre for Education and Staff Training, University of Swat,  Pakistan

Published
2020-06-26
How to Cite
Ahmad, N., Shaheen, N., & Hussain, S. (2020). Internal Displacement: Relationship of mental health and education of children in Swat, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(5). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.5.1847