A multi-disciplinary, multimodal approach for the management of vascular anomalies

  • Aqsa Mazhar
  • Shazia Moosa
  • Alizeh Abbas
  • Yousuf Mallick
  • Lubna Samad
Keywords: Vascular malformations, Vascular anomalies, Hemangiomas, Propranolol, PDL (Pulsed dye laser), VAC (Vascular Anomalies Center)


Objective: Vascular anomalies are a diverse group of lesions, ranging from simple to complex, disfiguring anomalies. Our objective was to diagnose and provide comprehensive treatment to patients presenting with vascular anomalies, using a multi-disciplinary approach involving dermatologists, plastic surgeons, radiologists and pediatric surgeons.

Methods: Patients presenting with vascular anomalies to The Indus Hospital, Karachi, from January 2017 to March 2019 were enrolled, using a pre-defined questionnaire. Assessment, diagnostic work up, management and clinical and photographic follow up was maintained to monitor outcomes.

Results: One hundred eighty seven patients with a mean age of 4.6 years, (females 62%) were enrolled. Diagnoses included vascular tumors (n=89, 47.6%), lymphatic malformations (n=38, 20.3%), capillary malformations (n=19, 10%), venous malformations (n=16, 8.5%), arterio-venous malformations (n=14, 7.5%) and mixed anomalies (n=11, 5.9%). Treatment modalities, in isolation or combination, included oral propranolol, topical timolol, pulsed dye laser and intra-lesional sclerotherapy. Mean follow up was in 7.1 months, with 27 patients achieving treatment completion. 26 children were lost to follow-up.

Conclusions: Vascular anomalies have mostly been managed successfully at VAC using single or multimodal treatment. Increasingly complex anomalies can be handled using a multi-disciplinary approach. Establishment of VAC has facilitated many patients who were earlier considered as diagnostic and therapeutic challenges.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.ICON-Suppl.1710

How to cite this:
Mazhar A, Moosa S, Abbas A, Mallick Y, Samad L. A multi-disciplinary, multimodal approach for the management of vascular anomalies. Pak J Med Sci. Special Supplement ICON 2020. 2020;36(1):S14-S19. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.ICON-Suppl.1710

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.