Uniportal VATS technique for primary spontaneous pneumothorax: An analysis of 46 cases

Uniportal VATS Technıque for Primary Spontaneous Pneumothorax

  • Hasan Oğuz Kapicibasi Çanakkale Onsekizmart university,Department of Thoracic surgery
Keywords: primary spontaneous pneumothorax, VATS, uniportal, pleurectomy

Abstract

Objective: In the treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP), the influence of safety and applicability of uniportal video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) bullectomy/blebectomy and pleurectomy method were evaluated in 46 patients.

Methods: Between November 2010 and January 2019, 46 patients (36 males, 10 females; mean age 24.2 years; range 16-36 years) undergoing uniportal video thoracoscopic bullectomy/blebectomy and apical pleurectomy for primary spontaneous pneumothorax were evaluated retrospectively at Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University (COMU). One patient underwent surgery for the second time after three months for contralateral pneumothorax and counted as two different patients, hence forty seven operations were performed in total. The cases were evaluated in terms of age, gender, comorbidity, duration of hospital stay, histopathological diagnosis, postoperative morbidity and mortality.

Results: Right surgical intervention was performed in 20 cases (42.6%) and left surgical intervention in 27 cases (57.6%). A total of 15 (31.9%) surgical operations were performed during the first attack, 30 (63.8%) during the second attack and 2 (4.3%) during third and more attacks. There was prolonged air leakage in all patients operated during the first episode. All cases underwent wedge resection and pleurectomy with endoscopic stapes. None of the patients required thoracotomy. Postoperative drainage period was between 2-7 days (mean: 4.1) and the duration of hospitalization was between three to eight days. Postoperative pain and paraesthesia were observed in eight cases. Prolonged air leakage was observed in five cases.

Conclusion: With video thoracoscopic uniportal technique, not only lung biopsy and resection but also bullectomy/blebectomy and pleurectomy operations can be performed safely in the treatment of PSP. In view of this information, minimally invasive techniques are seen as more advantageous than conventional techniques.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.2.1556

How to cite this:
Kapicibasi HO. Uniportal VATS technique for primary spontaneous pneumothorax: An analysis of 46 cases. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(2):224-228. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.2.1556

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-12-16
Section
Original Articles