Bronchial lavage under fiberoptic bronchoscopy in the treatment of severe pulmonary infection

Treatment of severe pulmonary infection

  • Yuqin Zhao Binzhou People’s Hospital
  • Xuemei Dai
  • Jinzhi Ji
  • Ping Cheng
Keywords: Bronchial lavage, Fiberoptic bronchoscopy, Severe pulmonary infection

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of bronchial lavage under fiberoptic bronchoscopy in the treatment of severe pulmonary infection.

Methods: One hundred forty eight patients with severe pulmonary infection who were admitted to our hospital from October 2016 to December 2017 were included in this study. According to the random number table method, they were divided into a control group and an observation group with 79 patients each. The control group was given conventional treatment, while the observation group was given bronchoalveolar lavage with fiberoptic bronchoscopy on the basis of the treatment in the control group. The clinical efficacy of the two groups was compared, the duration of mechanical ventilation, antibiotic use and symptoms improvement of the two groups were recorded, and the respiratory mechanics parameters, serum procalcitonin (PCT) and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) level were measured before and after treatment.

Results: The duration of mechanical ventilation, antibiotic use, respiratory failure correction, body temperature decline and white blood cell recovery in the observation group were significantly shorter than those in the control group (P<0.05). The total efficacy of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (92.4% vs. 74.7%). The respiratory mechanics parameters of the two groups after treatment were higher than those before treatment (P<0.05) and the increase of the observation group was more obvious than that of the control group (P<0.05). The serum PCT and TGF-β levels of the two groups after treatment were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and the decrease level in the observation group was more obvious (P<0.05).

Conclusion: Bronchial lavage under fiberoptic bronchoscopy can improve the clinical efficacy, accelerate the improvement of clinical symptoms and respiratory mechanics parameters, significantly reduce the PCT and TGF-β levels, and promote the rapid recovery of patients in the treatment of severe pulmonary infection.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.3.1539

How to cite this:
Zhao Y, Dai X, Ji J, Cheng P. Bronchial lavage under fiberoptic bronchoscopy in the treatment of severe pulmonary infection. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(3):396-401. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.3.1539

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2020-03-03
How to Cite
Zhao, Y., Dai, X., Ji, J., & Cheng, P. (2020). Bronchial lavage under fiberoptic bronchoscopy in the treatment of severe pulmonary infection. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(3). https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.3.1539
Section
Original Articles