Nephron sparing surgery for renal tumors-comparison of off-clamp partial nephrectomy with hilar clamping

Nephron sparing surgery for renal tumors

  • Imran Khan Jalbani Aga Khan University
  • Syed Mohammad Nazim, Dr Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan
  • Maria Ahmed, Dr Resident General Surgery, University of Texas Southwestern Dallas, TX 214-449-8350
  • Farhat Abbas, Professor Aga Khan University Karachi, Pakistan
Keywords: Clamping, Partial nephrectomy, Renal function, Renal tumor


Background and Objective: Open partial nephrectomy (PN) is still considered gold standard procedure for T1 localized renal tumors. Conventional technique involves clamping of the renal artery with or without vein however, renal ischemia produces a certain level of damage to the kidneys. This study aims to investigate potential effect of off-clamp vs. hilar clamping PN on renal function.

Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent unilateral, open partial nephrectomy for renal tumors b/w January 2009 December 2016 at our institution. A total of 90 partial nephrectomies were performed of which 65 cases were eligible for analysis. Non clamping technique was used in 43 while clamp was applied in 22 patients. Variables studied were patients’ demographics, clinical variables, the laterality, tumors size and location, R.E.N.A.L nephrometry score, blood loss, tumor histology and surgical margins. Patients’ renal function (serum creatinine and eGFR) were determined pre-operatively, at 3 and 12 months follow up. Data was analyzed on SPSS v. 22.

Results: Both the groups were comparable with regards to pre-operative renal function. Mean radiological size of tumor was 4.71±1.31 and 3.81±1.0 (0.003) in two groups respectively. Mean R.E.N.A.L nephrometry score was 6.1±1.5 in off-clamp group compared to 7.05±1.7 in clamp group (p=0.04). No statistically significant difference was found in operative duration, blood loss, positive surgical margins and intra/ peri-operative complications. At three months and one year, renal function was better preserved in non-clamp group compared to clamp group (p=0.001 and 0.007 respectively).

Conclusion: Off clamp open partial nephrectomy is safe and feasible option leading to less decline in renal function.


How to cite this:
Jalbani IK, Nazim SM, Ahmed M, Abbas F. Nephron sparing surgery for renal tumors- comparison of off-clamp partial nephrectomy with hilar clamping. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(3):316-321. doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

How to Cite
Jalbani, I. K., Nazim, S. M., Ahmed, M., & Abbas, F. (2020). Nephron sparing surgery for renal tumors-comparison of off-clamp partial nephrectomy with hilar clamping: Nephron sparing surgery for renal tumors. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(3).
Original Articles