TIMP-1 and MMP-9 expressions in COPD patients complicated with spontaneous pneumothorax and their correlations with treatment outcomes
TIMP-1, MMP-9 and COPD
Objective: To study the expressions of TIMP-1 and MMP-9 in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) complicated with spontaneous pneumothorax, and their correlations with treatment outcomes.
Methods: A total of 80 COPD patients complicated with spontaneous pneumothorax treated in our hospital from December 2015 to December 2017. The serum expressions of TIMP-1 and MMP-9 in 80 COPD patients complicated with spontaneous pneumothorax (COPD group) and 52 healthy volunteers (control group) were detected by ELISA. The correlations of TIMP-1 and MMP-9 expressions with arterial blood gas parameters as well as scores of MRC breathlessness scale and St. George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) were analyzed.
Results: The serum expressions of TIMP-1 and MMP-9 of COPD group were significantly higher than those of control group (P<0.05), but the two groups had similar MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratios (P>0.05). For COPD group, TIMP-1 expression, MMP-9 expression, MMP-9/TIMP-1, Sa(O2) and p(O2) were not correlated (P>0.05). TIMP-1 expression was significantly positively correlated with MRC scale and SGRQ scores (P<0.05). Sa(O2), p(O2) and MRC scale score of low MMP-9 expression, low TIMP-1 expression and low MMP-9/TIMP-1 group were significantly improved compared with those of high MMP-9 expression, high TIMP-1 expression and high MMP-9/TIMP-1 group (P<0.05). MMP-9 expression, TIMP-1 expression or MMP-9/TIMP-1 was not correlated with improvement of SGRQ score. Pulmonary function improvement (Sa(O2) improvement rate ≥5% and/or p(O2) improvement rate ≥10%) was correlated with serum MMP-9 expression, baseline Sa(O2) and p(O2).
Conclusion: Increase of serum TIMP-1 and MMP-9 expressions in COPD patients was correlated with symptoms and scores of quality of life, and the expressions were also correlated with short-term treatment reactivity.
How to cite this:
Li H, Shi K, Zhao Y, Du J, Hu D, Liu Z. TIMP-1 and MMP-9 expressions in COPD patients complicated with spontaneous pneumothorax and their correlations with treatment outcomes. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(2):192-197.
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