Association of fetuin-A with dyslipidemia and insulin resistance in type-II Diabetics of Pakistani population

A link between fetuin-A with dyslipidemia and insulin resistance

  • Fasiha Fatima Karachi Institute of Medical Sciences, CMH Malir Cantt. Karachi, Pakistan
  • Naveed Ahsan United Medical & Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Aliya Nasim Liaquat College of Medicine & Dentistry, Darul Sehat Hospital Karachi, Pakistan
  • Faiza Alam Aga Khan University
Keywords: Dyslipidemia, fetuin-A, Insulin resistance, Type-II diabetes mellitus


Background & Objective: Fetuin-A, hepatokine is responsible for instigating insulin resistance by inhibiting tyrosine kinase receptors. Our objective was to investigate the relationship of fetuin-A with dyslipidemia and insulin resistance in type-II diabetics of Pakistani population.

Methods: In this cross sectional study which was conducted at Basic Medical Sciences Institute, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi between October 2013 to March 2014, a total of 330 participants were selected and divided into two groups. Group-A (n = 165) normal healthy individual and Group-B (n = 165) Type-II diabetes mellitus mellitus with no comorbidities. Serum fetuin-A and insulin levels were determined by commercially prepared ELISA kits while fasting blood glucose (FBG) and lipid profile were performed by enzymatic kit method. Employing independent t-test, comparison of groups was done and correlation was achieved by using spearman correlation.

Results: The results demonstrate a significant difference in mean values of fetuin-A, lipid profile, glucose, insulin and Homoeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in type-II diabetics when compared to normal healthy individuals (p<0.01). A positive correlation was found between serum fetuin-A levels and FBG(r= 0.495, p< 0.001), insulin(r= 0.227, p< 0.001), HOMA-IR(r= 0.336, p<0.001, triglycerides(r= 0.197, p< 0.001) and LDL-cholesterol(r= 0.170, p= 0.002), while negative correlation with HDL-cholesterol(r= -0.251, p< 0.001).

Conclusion: The study concludes that fetuin-A might be accountable for dyslipidemia and insulin resistance in type-II diabetes mellitus mellitus. So the high levels of Fetuin-A responsible for insulin resistance might alters endothelium and causes inflammation, vasoconstriction and thrombosis and ultimately atherosclerosis.


How to cite this:
Fatima F, Ahsan N, Nasim A, Alam F. Association of fetuin-A with dyslipidemia and insulin resistance in type-II Diabetics of Pakistani population. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(2):64-68. doi:

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Original Articles