Association of fetuin-A with dyslipidemia and insulin resistance in type-II Diabetics of Pakistani population

A link between fetuin-A with dyslipidemia and insulin resistance

  • Fasiha Fatima Karachi Institute of Medical Sciences, CMH Malir Cantt. Karachi, Pakistan
  • Naveed Ahsan United Medical & Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Aliya Nasim Liaquat College of Medicine & Dentistry, Darul Sehat Hospital Karachi, Pakistan
  • Faiza Alam Aga Khan University
Keywords: Dyslipidemia, fetuin-A, Insulin resistance, Type-II diabetes mellitus

Abstract

Background & Objective: Fetuin-A, hepatokine is responsible for instigating insulin resistance by inhibiting tyrosine kinase receptors. Our objective was to investigate the relationship of fetuin-A with dyslipidemia and insulin resistance in type-II diabetics of Pakistani population.

Methods: In this cross sectional study which was conducted at Basic Medical Sciences Institute, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre, Karachi between October 2013 to March 2014, a total of 330 participants were selected and divided into two groups. Group-A (n = 165) normal healthy individual and Group-B (n = 165) Type-II diabetes mellitus mellitus with no comorbidities. Serum fetuin-A and insulin levels were determined by commercially prepared ELISA kits while fasting blood glucose (FBG) and lipid profile were performed by enzymatic kit method. Employing independent t-test, comparison of groups was done and correlation was achieved by using spearman correlation.

Results: The results demonstrate a significant difference in mean values of fetuin-A, lipid profile, glucose, insulin and Homoeostasis Model Assessment of Insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in type-II diabetics when compared to normal healthy individuals (p<0.01). A positive correlation was found between serum fetuin-A levels and FBG(r= 0.495, p< 0.001), insulin(r= 0.227, p< 0.001), HOMA-IR(r= 0.336, p<0.001, triglycerides(r= 0.197, p< 0.001) and LDL-cholesterol(r= 0.170, p= 0.002), while negative correlation with HDL-cholesterol(r= -0.251, p< 0.001).

Conclusion: The study concludes that fetuin-A might be accountable for dyslipidemia and insulin resistance in type-II diabetes mellitus mellitus. So the high levels of Fetuin-A responsible for insulin resistance might alters endothelium and causes inflammation, vasoconstriction and thrombosis and ultimately atherosclerosis.

doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.2.1106

How to cite this:
Fatima F, Ahsan N, Nasim A, Alam F. Association of fetuin-A with dyslipidemia and insulin resistance in type-II Diabetics of Pakistani population. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(2):64-68. doi: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.2.1106

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Published
2019-12-14
Section
Original Articles